E-waste management in India

7 December 2016

India is the fifth biggest producer of e-waste in the world, discarding 1.7 million tonnes (Mt) of electronic and electrical equipment in 2014, according to a UNU report. The huge volumes of e-waste is potentially collected by the informal sector that come in direct contact with toxic chemicals such as lead, cadmium, chromium, brominated flame retardants or poly-chlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), through improper ways of e-waste disposal.


With the newly enforced “E-waste Management Rules 2016”, the country witnessed a renewed focus on the responsibility of producers (refer figure below) to restrain the generation of e-waste through different take-back mechanisms, setting up a Producer Responsibility Organisation (PRO) and Deposit Refund System (DRS) and other mechanisms with a pre-defined set of targets that the producers will have to meet. Moving a step further from the previous version of 2011 rules, the new amendment aims to channelize e-waste from the informal sector to the formal sector.

E-Waste Management Rules 2016

Came into force: 1st October 2016
Increased Scope: Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL) and other mercury containing lamps.
Targets: 30% of the quantity of waste generated for the first two years and subsequent increase in % in the next years.
Compliance: Through PRO, Deposit Refund Scheme, Individual take-back, and compulsory EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility plan).
Authorization: Centralized authorization through CPCB.


Sofies team of experts have been steering e-waste projects worldwide since the year 2005. Our core e-waste expertise comprises of managing large international cooperation programs on sound e-waste management systems, ensuring recycling quality and standards, legal compliance services, implementing take-back solutions in emerging markets and providing PRO services.

Some of our large-scale projects focus on setting up a Producer Responsibility Organisation (PRO) for the IT & CE Industry, Pilot project to channelize WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment) from the informal sector, Compliance to e-waste legislation in India, implementation of e-waste recycling systems through Sustainable Recycling Industries (SRI) program in developing countries (Colombia, Egypt, Ghana, India, Peru, and South Africa) among many others.

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